Every country in the world has its strengths and weaknesses. It can be hard to decide which are the strongest among all of these countries. The U.S. News and the World Report has released its ranking of the strongest countries in the world in 2019. By partnering with BAV Group, VMLY&R, and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. The survey ranks the countries on many aspects including how much influence they have on the world, their consistency of dominating the headlines, their involvement in shaping the global economy. They also consider those countries military strength and budget, their foreign policies, their leader and their political influence on the world, their alliances and relations with other nations.
The US rankings include a total of 80 countries. While Estonia holds the rank 80th, as the least powerful country. Its neighbour country Latvia holds the 79th rank. Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia sit on the 76th, 77th and 78th positions respectively.
- UNITED STATES
The United States remains as the most powerful country in the world. The North American country has an undeniable influence all over the world. It has a dominant economy and one of the most powerful and organized military system. America has been taking a major role in all international organization since the country is one of the founding members of institutions like the UNO, NATO, and World Bank.
American culture has also been influencing many people all over the world. The country is the birthplace of so many great minds including musicians, actors, writers, and scientists. America also has one of the best education systems. Universities Harvard and MIT rank at the top in the category of the best universities in the world. Renowned as the global powerhouse, America does face some challenges like racial tension and income inequality. America has a population of 329,093,110 people with an area of 9,372,610 km². It has a GDP of $19.4 trillion and its GDP per capita is $59,792. The US had a growth rate of 0.71%.
Russia has an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers which makes it the world’s largest country by land and by mass. Russia is twice as big as the second largest country in the world, Canada. Russia shares its borders with more than a dozen countries. Russia was the biggest leading republic of the Soviet Union. The country has a population of 144,495,044 and a GDP of $1.6 trillion. Russia has been the center of many controversies including being guilty of human rights abuses, getting involved in the politics of the Western countries and the Ukraine conflict. Its relations with the USA has created an international tension over the years.
Despite all of this Russia is the 2nd most powerful country in the world. It has a $27,893 GDP per capita and it is world’s one of the largest economy. Russia’s natural resources play a big part in its economy. Especially its production of oil and natural gas and agriculture, forestry, fishing, and manufacturing is the principal driver of the countries economy. Russia also exports military weapons and is one of the largest countries in that category. Russia is also a member of many international organizations and plays big parts in institutions like the United Nations Security Council, the Group of 20, and the Council of Europe and the World Trade Organization.
China’s economy has been growing rapidly and it has become one of the fastest growing economies. China is the most populous country in the world with a total population of 1,386,395,000. It has an area of 9,596,960 square kilometers and it is the second largest country by mass in the world. Chinese is considered the oldest civilization.
The country has been ruled by the communist party since its got freedom in1949. Despite the countries economic growth, China faces several domestic issues all over the country including balancing population growth with its natural resources, growing income inequality. Although because of China’s economic growth most of the population has come out of poverty, many are still living below the official poverty line. China is a developing country with a GDP of $12.2 trillion. While China is one of the major investors in renewal energy, it is also the largest emitter of carbon dioxide.
While China does possess a major global influence, it has been criticized many times on international levels. Mostly because of its human right policies. In the international rankings in media freedom, China mostly stays at the bottom. China is a member of much international organization like the WTO and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
Germany has a total population of 82,695,000 people and is the most populous country in the European Union. Germany has a GDP of $3.7 trillion and is one of the largest economies in the world. Germany has an area of 357,022 square kilometers and shares its borders with nine other countries. Germany plays a big role in many international institutions and is a member of organizations such as the United Nations, the European Union, Group of 20, NATO and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Germany is also one of the primary countries in importers and exporters. Their economy’s majority comes from the countries telecommunications, health care, and tourism industries. Other industries and agriculture also contribute a huge amount of money in their economy. Germany is one of the leading countries in creating modern technology and is also praised for its natural, social science and arts. Despite all of this Germany does face some issues like the high level of spending for social services for the aging population, and its open-door policy for minorities.
5. UNITED KINGDOM
The United Kingdom is one of the most highly developed nations in the world. The UK is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and the European Union, the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, NATO and the Group of 20. The UK is settled off the northwest corner in Europe and includes the island of Great Britain and the northern portion of the island of Ireland. And Great Britain includes England, Scotland, and Wales. The nation has a population of 66,022,273 people, with an area of 243,610 square kilometers.
The UK has been a major influence over the years through its economy, politics, scientific discoveries, and its culture. Last year the countries decision of Brexit raised a lot of question about its position in the European Union. The UK is one of the leading economies of the world. The country’s capital, London is a hub for the major international financial center and also one of the most visited cities in the world. The country’s banking and tourism industries, as well as manufacturing led by the automobile and aerospace industries, plays a big part in their economy. The country also has many leading educational institutions like Oxford and Cambridge universities.
The Eastern European country is one of the oldest and most influential countries in the world. France has been influencing the world economy and politics for many generations. It has been influencing people through its art, science and especially through its very famous culture. France is a democratic country and was one of the first nations to champion the rights of the individual. France possesses one of the largest economies in the world and it comes as one of the top countries in exporting weapons.
The country’s industry, agriculture, energy, and defense as well as its private enterprise and government involvement contributes a huge amount to its economy. Also, France is one of the most visited countries so its tourism plays a major part in its economy. France is one of the founders and a permanent member of the United Nations and is part of much other international organization like NATO and WTO. France has a population of 67,118,648 people with an area of 643,801 square kilometers. France has a GDP of $2.6 trillion. Despite being one of the most powerful countries, France has been facing some serious issues like slow economic growth and growing unemployment.
The East Asian country is regarded as one of the most literate and advanced nations in technology. Japan is the third largest economy in the world with a GDP of $4.9 trillion and $42,942 GDP per capita. The country is covered with mountains, heavily wooded area, and filled with distinctive gardens, sculptures. Japan is very famous for its blend of ancient and modern culture, its traditional arts, calligraphy, and flower arranging. The Japanese cuisine such as Sushi and its many forms of martial arts is known worldwide.
Japan is one of the largest producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, and steel in the world. The major percentage of its economy comes from the service sector in terms of gross domestic product and employment. Japan has a population of 126,785,797 people with an area of 377,915 square kilometers. The country is a member of a bunch of international organizations including the United Nations, the Asian Development Bank, and the World Bank. North Korea’s testings of nuclear missiles have made the Japanese government concern. Apart from that Japan also face some domestic issues like having the oldest population in the world and declining birth rates.
Israel is a small country located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The small country has been playing a huge role in global affairs and politics. The country has one of the strongest economies with a GDP of $350.9 billion. Israel has been involved in many conflicts. In 2017 USA president Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and started a major controversy. Israel is a democratic country and is highly developed in technology. It’s market economy with cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and pharmaceuticals among its major exports which heavily influence the country’s economy. Israel has a population of 8,712,400 people with an area of 20,770 square kilometers. Israel is highly developed in terms of life expectancy, education, and other human development index indicators. It has a $36,405 GDP per capita. Despite that, it is among the countries with the most unequal economies in the Western world. Israel has several places that are considered as one of the holiest sites in the world. Israel is a member of many international organizations like the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
9. SAUDI ARABIA
Saudi Arabia has the vast majority of lands with an area of 2,149,690 square kilometers and wealth with the Arabian Peninsula. It is a conservative country following the paths of Koran. The kingdom is ruled by a monarch and has very strict laws and limited freedom. The men of Saudi Arabia was extended to democracy in 2005 and the woman of the country has just begun their path to equal rights. Saudi Arabia has a population of 32,938,213 people and has a GDP of $683.8 billion. The country recently got a membership in the World Trade Organisation which helped its foreign investments. Saudi Arabia is also a founding member of OPEC and has a membership of other organizations.
Saudi Arabia is one of the top countries in the exporting of oil. It is estimated that the country is sitting on a quarter of the world’s supply of oil. Despite all of this Saudi Arabia is going through an internal war because of its restrictive policies. The country has given rise to groups like the al-Qaida, which led the 9/11 terrorist attack on the USA. The country also has issues like high unemployment rates and a sizeable foreign workforce.
10. SOUTH KOREA
The Eastern Asian country has a GDP of $1.5 trillion, and an area of 99,720 square kilometres, with a total population of 51,466,201 people. South Korea has one of the most successful high-tech, service-based economy with major foreign investments. South Korea is a donor of the OECD Development Assistance Committee funds. The country was the first recipient of the same fund. Currently, South Korea is the world’s seventh-largest exporter especially in technology and cars and has the 11th-largest economy overall. The country’s capital Seoul is home many headquarters of companies like Samsung, and Hyundai.
The country is more keen on saving than spending and has the world’s largest gross national savings and reserves of foreign investment. The country does face the challenge of an ageing population. The country also has 12 UNESCO Heritage Sites and attracts a large number of tourist. South Korea is a member of several international organisation such as the United Nations, G-20, and the World Trade Organization.