Amazon is vast and fascinating. It is the largest tropical rainforest located into nine nations of South America along the Amazon River. It is the most biodiverse region in the world and home to unique plants and roughly 16,000 species of animals, some of them are not found anywhere else. Scientists say that there are a new species of animal found every 3 days in the Amazon rainforest. There are many species that can be harmful to humans in this region. Here is a list of ten animals in the Amazon, that can be dangerous to us.
10. Green Anaconda:
Green Anaconda, also known as water boa, is the heaviest and one of the longest known living snake species. Though they are non-venomous, when other animals fall prey to them they will squeeze the prey until it stops breathing and then swallows it by the whole. They are usually found in swamps, marshes, streams, and rivers of Amazon. There are only a few documented attack on the human by anacondas.
9. Black Caiman:
The Black Caiman is one of the biggest extant members of the Alligatoridae family. Some of the male Black Caiman has grown larger than 5 m. They are considered as the largest predator of the Amazon ecosystem and they feast on monkeys, sloths, piranhas, wild pigs, giant otters, anacondas and others, even other caimans. Several attacks on humans have been recorded by this animal in the past.
8. Bullet Ant:
Bullet Ant is known for its Venom-filled and extremely painful sting, the most painful sting of any insect. Though it won’t kill you, it will feel like you have been shot. Their sting is said to be almost 30 times more painful than a honeybee sting and they are also among the largest ants in the world. Their venom carries a paralyzing neurotoxin called ‘poneratoxin’, when the sting the cell membrane burst of that area which causes intense pain, burning, irritation and swelling. When threatened these ants will sting repeatedly.
7. Brazilian Wandering Spider:
The Brazilian Wandering Spider is the world’s most venomous and one of the largest spiders. They are extremely aggressive and they wander on the jungle floor and when frightened they will bite repeatedly. Their venom contains poisonous neurotoxin causing swelling, extreme pain, breathing problems, and blurred vision. If not treated it can kill a human within 24 hours.
6. South American Rattlesnake:
There are nine subspecies found in the Amazon of the venomous pit viper. These snakes are able to camouflage within their environment because of their distinctive stripes and coloration, so they can be hard to notice and they only attack when disturbed. Their venom contains a potent neurotoxin, that can cause blindness, auditory problems, paralysis or even death.
5. Poison Dart Frog:
This group of frogs are native to tropical Central and South America and have brightly colored bodies. Their bright coloration is associated with their toxicity, making them aposematic. The golden poison frog is the most dangerous among these frogs and has enough toxin on average to kill ten to twenty men or about ten thousand mice. They keep their poison in glands beneath its skin, so if anyone eats them it can cause swelling, muscular paralysis, nausea, and even death.
4. Red Bellied Piranha:
With sharp, triangular teeth and powerful jaws, red-bellied piranhas are considered the most dangerous and aggressive toward humans. There have been piranha attacks reported in South America. During the starving period or when provoked Piranhas will attack anything they found within their range. When attacking in a group they could strip even the flesh of a large animal within minutes.
3. Lancehead Pit Viper:
Lancehead Pit Viper or Golden Lancehead are venomous pit viper species named for the light yellowish-brown color. They are mostly found in Ilha da Queimada Grande, off the coast of Sao Paulo state, in Brazil. They mostly eat birds, lizards and reportedly, even resort to cannibalism. Their venom is said to be three to five times stronger than any mainland snake.
2. Bull Sharks:
Bull Sharks are often considered as the most dangerous sharks in the world. Bull sharks can live in both saltwater and freshwater of rivers, they prefer to swim in coastal waters. Bull sharks are aggressive and they are most likely to attack a human. They Large, fast and vicious predators with powerful jaws and will eat about anything.
Jaguars are great swimmers and hunt everything they can. They occasionally climb trees to prepare a cover, killing their prey with one powerful bite. They often travel along the streams to haunt. They are the biggest species of cats.