Facts About Sherlock Holmes
Created by Scottish writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes made his first appearance in Doyle’s A Study in Scarlet. That published in Beeton’s Christmas Annual of 1887. Since then, Holmes has become a global phenomenon and arguably the best fictional detective of all time. Sherlock Holmes has been portrayed so many times that the character even holds the Guinness World Records for the most portrayed movie character in history. Dracula holds the place for being the most portrayed inhuman character in history. We have made a list of top ten facts about Sherlock Holmes, the famous detective from 221B Baker Street, London, that you might don’t know.
1.Sherrinford And Ormond Sacker :
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle first going to name our favorite detective Sherrinford. Then he decided to for Sherlock instead. The name said to be a combination of the names of Nottinghamshire cricketers Mortdecai Sherwin and Joseph Shacklock. Doyle was a huge fan of cricket and was a keen player himself. Also, Sherlock’s assistant Dr. Watson was originally named Ormond Sacker as he appears in early drafts of the stories.
2. The Differences:
There’s quite a difference between the books and what we see on TV or plays. In the books, Sherlock Holmes doesn’t wear that deerstalker cap that we see him wearing in movies or shows. Instead, he used to wear a Victorian cloth cap. He also doesn’t smoke that calabash pipe, in the stories he actually often smoke cigarettes or a clay briar pipe. In the stories, he never says the line, “Elementary, my dear Watson!”, instead, he just dryly replies, ”Elementary”.
When the first collection of the detective’s cases published in 1892 as The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, It was dedicated to Doyle’s ‘old teacher’ Joseph Bell. He is considered to be the inspiration or model for Holmes.
4. The First Novel And The First Movie:
The first novel by Doyle about Sherlock was A Study in Scarlet, published in 1887. The classic at that time got rejected by many publishers. That novel eventually appeared in Beeton’s Christmas Annual and that still didn’t sell very well. And the first movie about Sherlock Holmes Premiered In 1900. The film lasted only 30 seconds, Sherlock Holmes Baffled.
5. The Narrators:
Many of the readers used to assume that Watson narrates all the Holmes stories. But there are actually four stories that Doyle told from a different point of view. While Doyle wrote two of those from Holmes’ own perspective, the other two stories are from a third person point of view.
6. The Most Popular Sherlock Holmes Story:
Although all of the Sherlock Holmes stories have become a phenomenon, The Speckled Band is regarded as the most popular Sherlock Holmes story. In the Strand Magazine in 1927, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle rated it as his best story ever himself. There were many polls conducted and The Speckled Band came out on top in most of them.
7. The Second Sherlock Holmes Novel:
For the second Sherlock Holmes novel, we all should thank Joseph Stoddart, who edited Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine. The editor admired the first novel so much that he convinced Doyle, at a dinner party in 1889, to write a second novel featuring the detective, for serialization in the magazine. Oscar Wilde was also present at the party and agreed to write a novel for the magazine. In 1890, both Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray and Doyle’s The Sign of the Four, Doyle’s novel appeared.
8. The Sherlock Holmes Museum:
Though the famous address of Sherlock Holmes at 221B Baker Street, London is fictional since Baker Street didn’t go up to 221. There is a Sherlock Holmes museum in London that bears the official address 221B. The museum lies between 237 and 241 Baker Street, making it physically at number 239.
9. Sherlockian Societies:
We all know how popular Sherlock Holmes is. But did you know, there were are an estimated 911 Sherlock Holmes societies across the world, and many other informal Sherlock Holmes fan groups too. Though currently there are some 279 of them societies still quite functional. These societies organize events to celebrate the great detective. These societies have some of the interesting names such as Watson’s Neglected Patients, located in Denver, USA and The Poor Folk Upon The Moors located in Devon, UK.
10. Sherlock Holmes’ IQ:
According to John Radford, Sherlock Holmes’ has an IQ of 190. Radford wrote a book called, The Intelligence of Sherlock Holmes and Other Three-Pipe Problems. In this book, Radford has applied three different methods to calculate the IQ of Sherlock Holmes. The IQ of an average person is around 100-110.