Animals That Are Close To Extinction
Human beings are the biggest threat to the survival of endangered species. Three bird species disappeared from the Earth in 2018 according to scientists. The Earth is losing animal kinds at 1,000 to 10,000 times the natural rate. Our planet is now in the middle of its sixth mass extinction or the Holocene Extinction of plants and animals.
This is the worst spate of species die-offs since the loss of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, according to experts. According to, The International Union for Conservation of Nature (ICUN) Red List currently more than 27,000 species are threatened with extinction. Unlike other mass extinctions in the past, our current extinction crisis is almost solely caused by humans. Here are ten animals that are close to extinction and immediately need our help.
1. Amur Leopard:
Amur Leopards are one of the critically endangered animals right now. They are native of southeastern Russia and northern China. In 2018, it was estimated that only 84 Amur Leopards were remaining in the wild. Currently, it is estimated that fewer than 60 Amur Leopards are left in the wild.
Mountain gorilla, Eastern lowland gorilla, Western Lowland Gorilla and Cross River gorilla all are listed among the critically endangered species. It is estimated that there are only about 200 to 300 of cross river gorillas left in the wild and 900 to 1,000 mountain gorillas.
Among the five species of Rhinos, Black Rhino, Javan Rhino and Sumatran Rhinos are dangerously moving towards extinction, listed as critically endangered. There are only 60 Javan Rhinos are surviving in one National Park in Java, Indonesia. The Sumatran Rhinos only has an estimated population of 100 in the wild. Three subspecies of the Black Rhinos have already gone extinct.
There are three types of Orangutan, Bornean Orangutan; Tapanuli orangutan and Sumatran Orangutan. The Sumatran orangutan is one of the Critically Endangered species and Bornean Orangutan is one among the Endangered species. The Sumatran Orangutan that is found on the island of Sumatra has already lost 80% of its population.
5. Sumatran Elephant:
The Sumatran Elephants, native to the Indonesia island of Sumatra, are one of the Critically Endangered animals. The Asian Elephant and African Elephants are also facing extinction, listed as vulnerable. And the Sri Lankan Elephants are one of the Endangered animals. In 2011, less than 2000 Sumatran Elephants were left.
Also known as the Asian unicorn, Saola is the sole species of a genus of bovids. One of the world’s rarest large mammals, saolas are only found in the Annamite Range of Vietnam and Laos. Sadly, this beautiful animal also has been deemed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.
Vaquita is a Spanish word which translates into “little cow”. Found in the northern part of the Gulf of California, Vaquitas are the smallest porpoise. They are the rarest marine mammal in the world with an estimated population of less than 100 remaining.
Of the nine tiger subspecies, three are already extinct and the South China Tigers and Sumatran Tigers, being dubbed as Critically Endangered, are facing the biggest threat to their survival. Less than 500 of Sumatran Tiger are left in the wild while the South China Tiger is thought to be extinct in the wild. Other types of tigers that are endangered are the Amur Tiger, Bengal Tiger and Indochinese Tiger.
9. Hawksbill Sea Turtles:
The hawksbill sea turtles are listed among the critically endangered species while another type of sea turtles, the Leatherback Turtle is listed among the vulnerable species and the Green sea turtle is among the endangered species. The Hawksbill Turtle has already lost 90 per cent of its population.
Pangolin’s population has been rapidly decreasing and they are among the critically endangered. Among all the eight species of Pangolin, the Chinese pangolin is facing the biggest threat. Pangolins are one of the most haunted and trafficked animals in the world. They are Hunted intensively for their meat which is considered a delicacy in China, and for its skin, blood and scales.