Women’s rights remains a critical issue across the world. Where in some regions women have to strictly follow a dress code, in some regions in the Middle East, women don’t have the right to pass citizenship on to their children. In countries including Turkey and Slovakia, women are still not permitted to serve in front line combat. Gender is a spectrum and things aren’t only unfair for women but other genders too. But it is a fact that women face far more challenges than men in our society. And although things are changing, we still have a long way to go. Down below. we’ve listed 10 Ultimate Examples of Gender Inequality that people should know about.
10 Ultimate Examples of Gender Inequality
1. Freedom of Marriage:
According to statics, an estimated 15 million girls under 18 are married worldwide every year, with little or no say in the matter. Lack of education and narrow mentality are two of the main reasons for this to happen. More than 33,000 every day, or one in every two seconds, an underage girl is getting married. According to surveys, there are some 650 million women alive today who were child brides. It is thought that marrying a young age girl transfers the ‘economic burden’ to another family. Child marriage increases the chance of complications of giving birth which more than often end up being fatal. It also contravenes the fundamental human right of choice of partnership. In many countries, going against arrange marriage can lead to honor killing.
2. Violence Against Women:
Though it isn’t true that men don’t face violence such as Sexual Assault and Rape when it’s against women the numbers are undeniably high. Sexual Assault, Rape and Human Trafficking have become common in many parts of the world. According to reports, 4 out of 5 victims of human trafficking are girls. Women’s inequitable legal rights extend their vulnerability to violence. In fact, in many countries there are no specific laws or provisions exist to penalize domestic violence. When over 30 per cent of women who have been in a relationship report that they have experienced some form of physical or sexual violence by their partner.
There are some shocking stats when it comes to violence against women. According to reports, American women serving in Iraq or Afghanistan are more likely to be raped by a comrade than killed by an enemy. And the rate of complaints is increasing constantly. In 2017, it’s reported that 223 colleges in the United States had a total of 304 pending Title IX sexual violence investigations. Even more shockingly women around the world aged 15-44 are more at risk from rape and domestic violence than from cancer, car accidents, war and malaria.
3. Professional Obstacles:
Lack of education can create a host of problems. But apart from that, the inequality in payments between men and women for the same amount of work is one of the biggest examples of gender inequality. According to reports, just 57 per cent world’s working-age women are in the labor force, compared to 70 per cent of working-age men. While women in full-time jobs still earn only about 77 per cent of their male counterparts’ earnings, women of color earn even less. Women of color in America earn 64 cents and Latina women earn 56 cents for every dollar earned by a man.
In Saudi Arabia where women were recently approved to drive, women working jobs are still discouraged. The unemployment rate in women is 33 per cent while for men it’s only 7 per cent for men. Even in the movie industry, for every female film character, there are 2.24 men. It is predicted that by 2020 men will outnumber women by 4:1 in the technology industry of the U.S. And when it comes to equal legal work rights only 6 countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Latvia, Luxembourg and Sweden) give women their rights.
4. Access to Education:
According to statistics, 62 million girls are refused education in the whole world. Women make up more than two-thirds of the world’s illiterate adults. In various countries, women even get attacked for wanting to get an education. Reportedly, women hold only 24, or 4.8 per cent of CEO positions at S&P 500 companies. Fewer than 30% of the world’s researchers are women. There have also been surveys that suggest women lack a lot of confidence when it comes to scientific and mathematical areas. Only 22% of the world’s AI professionals are female and the rest are male. Women rates themselves low when it comes to their abilities comparing to men while they are roughly the same.
5. Infant Life Expectancy:
According to the UN, “At least 250,000 maternal deaths and as many as 1.7 million newborn deaths would be averted if the need for both family planning and maternal and newborn health services were met.” Abortion, neglect, abandonment, and infanticide have been a major issue for female infants. In many regions in the world, the ratio of birth is as low as 300 girls for every 1000 boys, while the normal ratio is 950 girls for every 1000 boys.
6. Female Genital Mutilation:
One of the biggest issues that often get overlooked. Reportedly, more than 200 million girls and women alive today in 30 countries have been affected by Female genital mutilation (FGM). In most cases, the girls were cut before the age of five. In many cases, even proper anesthesia isn’t used. Excessive bleeding, accidental cutting of the blood vessels, Chronic genital infections, reproductive tract infections and urinary tract infections are common. It can also lead to Cesarean section and postpartum hemorrhage.
7. Representation in Government:
Only 32 per cent of all national parliamentarians are female. Although there is growing evidence that women in positions of leadership and political decision-making improve the systems in which they work, this inequality won’t be going away soon.
8. Sexual subjugation:
Many countries in the world criminalize adult, consensual sex outside of marriage. And women are the prime victims of these rules. Women are much more likely to be charged with having violated penal code prohibitions on sexual relations outside of marriage than men in several countries. Unmarried pregnant women are more at the risk of government. There are countries that consider the rape of a virgin as an aggravating circumstance of assault. All these can even be proven fatal for women as at least a 1000 honor killings occur in countries such as India and Pakistan annually.
9. Access to Prenatal Care and Maternal Mortality:
In 2017, there are 1.6 billion women of reproductive age in the developing world and of them, only 63 per cent received a minimum of four antenatal care visits also 72% gave birth in a health facility. Among the women experienced medical complications during pregnancy only one in three received the care they or their newborns needed. An estimated 308,000 women in developing nations died from pregnancy-related causes while 2.7 million babies died in their first month of life in 2017.
10. Divorce Rights:
Several countries in the world don’t fully support women in her divorce rights. While husbands can divorce their spouses easily, wife’s access to divorce is far more limited. In Lebanon, women cannot file for divorce for abuse without the testimony of an eyewitness. In Israel, only a man must grant his wife the right to divorce. According to reports, it will take 108 years to close the gender gap.