10 Smallest Countries In The World:
With over 194 countries in the world, most of the time when we think about countries, we think about a massive land mass with a big population. But there are nations that are so small that cities in other nations are giants compared to them. Here is presenting the list of the 10 smallest countries in the world together covering a total area of 1491.4 km², smaller than the area of the city of Houston, Texas.
10. Malta: 316 km²
Malta might be the 10th smallest country but with a population of about 475,000, it is the fifth most densely populated country. Malta is an island country located in the Mediterranean Sea, officially known as The Republic of Malta and it is made up of three islands- Gozo, Comino, and Malta. Malta is a popular tourist destination among travelers having a warm climate, architectural and historical monuments, including UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
9. Maldives: 300 km²
The Maldives is located in the Arabian Sea of the Indian Ocean, consisting the chain of 26 atolls comprising of about 1200 islands which include 1,192 coral islands. The Maldives is one of the world’s most dispersed countries and it is the smallest country in Asia in terms of area and population. It was the colony of several empires earlier such as Portuguese, Dutch and the British. The Republic of Maldives has become one of the hot spots in Asia among tourists.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis: 261 km²
The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis is a dual-island nation, situated in the West Indies with a population of 56,312. Also known as the Mother Colony of the West Indies, these 2 islands in the Caribbean were some of the first islands to be occupied by Europeans. This is the smallest sovereign country in the Western Hemisphere, by both area and population. The smallest country in the Americas, Saint Kitts and Nevis is a major sugar exporter offering fantastic diving sites due to abundant marine life.
7. Marshall Islands: 181 km²
The Republic of the Marshall Islands with a population of 53,158 people and consisting over 29 coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets is situated near the equator in the Pacific Ocean. The island country is a part of Micronesia and the average height of the islands is only 7 feet above sea level. The country is incredibly biodiverse with 870 reef systems and 160 species of coral.
6. Liechtenstein: 160 km²
The Principality of Liechtensteinsituated is a doubly landlocked German-speaking micro state with a population of 37,877. It is located in the Upper Rhine valley of the European Alps and is bordered to the east by Austria, and to the south and west by Switzerland. The country is lead by the Prince of Liechtenstein and It is also the smallest country to border two countries. The country has more registered companies than citizens. It has one of the lowest unemployment rate (1.5% in 2008). Liechtenstein also has one of highest GDP per capita (PPP) making it one of the richest countries in the world.
5. San Marino: 61 km²
The Republic of San Marino or the Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a mountainous micro state sitting atop the Mt. Titano, situated on the Italian Peninsula surrounded by Italy. The country has a population of only 33,562. San Marino is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita. With a highly stable economy, it has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, with no national debt. Sun Marino has the world’s highest rate of car ownership, it is the only country with more vehicles than people. It is the third smallest country in Europe and the fifth smallest country in the world.
4. Tuvalu: 26 km²
Previously known as the Ellice Islands, Tuvalu is a Polynesian island country with a population of only 10,640. It is located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania consisting of three reef islands and six true atolls. The country has only one hospital present on the main island. Due to its location, Tuvalu doesn’t attract many tourists. Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country and the smallest Commonwealth realm.
3. Nauru: 21 km²
Earlier known as the Pleasant Island, Nauru is the third smallest country, located in Micronesia in the Central Pacific. It has a population of 11,347, the world’s third smallest. Nauru was known for its booming phosphate mining in the 1980s. with its phosphate resources are now depleted, leading to a very high national unemployment rate, it is now a quiet island off the radar of tourists. Nauru has the most obese people in the world, as 97% of its men and 93% of women are obese or overweight. Nauru is also home to the world’s highest level of type 2 diabetes.
2. Monaco: 2.02 km²
Principality of Monaco or Monaco is the second smallest country settled on the French Riviera in Western Europe, known for its gambling and luxury goods and services industry. With a population of 38,695, Monaco is the most densely populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco is known to be the most expensive and the wealthiest place on Earth, as it is home to the largest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world per capita. Monaco also hosts the Formula 1 race, with tracks passing through the city streets.
1. Vatican City: 0.44 km²
Also known as the Holy See, the Vatican City located within Rome, Italy, is the smallest country in the world with a population of only 799. It is the centre of the Catholic Church and home to the biggest church in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica. Its economy comes from the sales of postage stamps, tourist mementos, admission fees of museums and from the voluntary contributions of the Roman Catholic Church around the world.