Almost all the great civilizations throughout human history have flourished on the banks of rivers. There is no denying that the river is one of the greatest gifts from mother nature. A river is a natural watercourse running towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. Determining which is the longest river in the world is not easy. Seasonal changes can affect the length of a river, and sometimes its origin is difficult to access. There has been an ongoing debate about if the Amazon River is the longest river in the world. Some experts have claimed that the Amazon river is actually 6,992 km. in length which will make it the longest river in the world. As, its counterpart, the Nile river is believed to be 6,650 km. Although the majority of the experts believes the Nile to be the longest river and the Guinness World Record also belongs to the Nile. So keeping that in mind, here are the 10 Longest Rivers In The World:
1. The Nile River – 6,650 km.
The Nile River, worlds longest river, is 6,650 km or 4,132 miles long and shared by countries including Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and South Sudan. The Nile River is the principal water resource and life course for Egypt and Sudan. The major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, Nile is considered as the longest river for most experts.
2. The Amazon River- 6,400 km.
Flowing in South America in countries including Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Guyana. Some people believe the Amazon River to be the largest river in the world with a length of 6,992 km. While the majority of experts calculates the Amazon river to be 6,400 km or 3,976 miles, making it the second-longest river in the world. Although, the Amazon river is by far the largest when it comes to volume and width and the Amazon basin is the largest drainage basin in the world. The amount of water the Amazon river discharges on average is greater than the next seven largest rivers combined.
3. The Yangtze River- 6,300 km.
With a length of 6,300 km or 3,917 miles, the Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. The river flows through China before emptying into the East China Sea at Shanghai. The river rises in the northern part of the Tibetan Plateau and it’s the sixth-largest river by discharge volume in the world.
4. The Mississippi–Missouri River- 6,275 km.
The Mississippi–Missouri River, the second-longest river & the chief river of the largest river system in North America, primarily flows through the United States (98.5%) with the rest in Canada (1.5%) before flowing towards the Gulf of Mexico. The river rises in northern Minnesota and flows through 32 US states and 2 Canadian provinces between the Rocky and the Appalachian Mountains.
5. The Yenisei–Angara River- 5,539 km.
The fifth longest river in the world, the Yenisei–Angara River has a length of 5,539 km and runs mainly through Russia (97%) with the rest in Mongolia (2.9%). Rising in Mongolia, it is the largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean. The river drains in the Kara Sea and it is the centre of the three great Siberian rivers, Ob and the Lena being the other two.
6. The Yellow River- 5,464 km.
Also known as Huang He, the Yellow River is the sixth-longest river in the world with a length of 5,464 km or 3,395 miles. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai, it is the second-longest river in Asia after the Yangtze. The Yellow River plays a significant role in China’s history.
7. The Ob–Irtysh River- 5,410 km.
The Ob–Irtysh River is the seventh-longest river in the world that flows into the Gulf of Ob, world’s longest estuary, after running through Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia. This major river is the westernmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean. The Ob River has a length of 5,410km or 3,364 miles.
8. The Río de la Plata River: 4,880 km.
The Río de la Plata River is often considered an estuary, a gulf or a marginal sea. It is one of the widest rivers in the world. This river flows through Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay and then empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The Río de la Plata River is the eighth-longest river in the world with a length of 4,880 km.
9. The Congo–Chambeshi River: 4,700 km.
The Congo River is the deepest river in the world as well as the second-largest river in the world by discharge volume. The Congo–Chambeshi River is shared by countries including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi and Rwanda. The Congo river is also the only river to cross the equator twice.
10. The Amur–Argun River: 4,444 km.
The Amur River or Heilong Jiang forms the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China. It is the tenth-longest river in the world with a length of 4,444 km or 2,763 miles. The river rises in the hills in the western part of Northeast China and the river basin is home to a variety of marine animals.